Why Mortal Kombat was Refused Classification

The Australian Classification Review Board has officially released its statement regarding the recent decision on Mortal Kombat. We all know that the game's appeal was denied, meaning that the upcoming brawler from Warner Bros. remains effectively banned Down Under, but the Board's decision shows that this wasn't a simple decision - nor a unanimous one.

To kick things off though, we'll cover the outcome first:

The Classification Review Board (the Review Board) by majority classified the
computer game RC.

Mortal Kombat

Mortal Kombat

In Australia, computer games that "depict, express or otherwise deal with ... violence or revolting or abhorrent phenomena in such a way that they offend against the standards of morality, decency and propriety generally accepted by reasonable adults" are to be classified RC. That is, Refused Classification, or effectively banned (banned from sale, advertising or display - the definition varies from state to state).

Early March saw a four-member panel of the Review Board - three women and one man - review the Classification Board's classification of Mortal Kombat. As we mentioned, part of Warner Bros' application was presented by Paul Hunt, former deputy director of the Classification Board. Mr. Hunt has been involved previously in successful appeals for other Refused Classification titles including WBIE's own F.E.A.R. 2: Project Origin.

If you're curious, the Review Board did actually play the game as part of its decision-making process. WBIE presented members with a written submission and samples of recorded gameplay, and the Board also watched a "lengthy live demonstration of both recorded and non-recorded elements of the game", before spending some time playing, "assisted by its own officer".

There is a lengthy synopsis of the game included in the Board's report, explaining the roots of the Mortal Kombat franchise. In case you missed it, Raiden and his band of Earth Realm warriors are battling against Shao Kahn and his followers, in order to prevent Armageddon.

25 characters are included in the game, some of which are unlocked as you progress through the game (or use provided codes). Story mode features more than 15 hours of gameplay according to the Board, and the game also features challenge and PvP modes.

Mortal Kombat

Mortal Kombat

The Review Board found that there was negligible offensive language featured in the game ("readily accommodated in a classification lower than RC"), and that there was no Sex, Drug Use or Nudity in Mortal Kombat. The game's themes - fighting, aliens, robots and Armageddon - are also readily accommodated in a lower classification.

The problem, as you may have suspected, lies in the game's violence. Who knew?

Mortal Kombat includes, for the first time in this franchise, a feature known as ‘X-ray view’, which may be initiated when a player reaches a certain power level during the fight, and executes a series of commands. X-ray view (which is non-interactive) shows an injury being inflicted on one combatant. The vision slows down and the action and resulting impact is shown close up and in greater detail. The detail shown varies from character to character, but depicts injuries such as bones being displaced and snapped, skulls being fractured, ribs cracking and teeth being knocked out of jaws. Even with the less humanoid characters, these X-ray views depict a human type skeleton and underlying physical structure. The injury is often shown from multiple viewpoints. The X-ray view focuses on the injury, although the Review Board noted that in story mode the physical injury inflicted, such as a broken spine, did not seem permanent and the character continued to fight unaffected by the apparent injury.

X-ray view is seen to "emphasise and humanise" the impact of injuries, which increases the overall impact of the violence in the game.

The battles themselves take place in a number of different arenas, some of which feature their own special non-interactive sequences. Characters are impaled on spikes, thrown into pools of acid, and even held against the carriages of a passing train. The violence in the game is "highly stylised and unrealistic", and characters inflict and sustain injuries that are fairly impossible in real life.

Mortal Kombat

Mortal Kombat

But, y'know, there's that elephant in the room: Fatalities.

The full game - in its extended mode - features a possible 65 fatalities. The Board recognises that these are a "challenge to achieve", and won't happen in every fight.

The Review Board noted, in particular, the following fatalities which represent a nonexhaustive sample of explicit violence:

  • Baraka: knives -- slices off arms with knives, stabs knife into chest and slices body laterally in two with the other knife, one half held up on first knife. The side view provided of the dismembered body is like a carcass.
  • Baraka: knives -- thrusts knife into chest, lifts body on knife, spins body, holds up second knife to cut off spinning legs, arms and head and throws down torso.
  • Quan Chi: no weapon -- grabs leg, tears leg off, beats opponent with leg and crushes head. The beating with the detached leg is prolonged and repetitive, suggesting brutality.
  • Sheeva: no weapon-- tears arms off, slaps opponent with severed arms, kicks body over and then claps severed arms.
  • Jax: no weapon -- hits top of head, hammers opponent into the ground and kicks off the head.

Other fatalities include "explicit depictions" of decapitation, dismemberment, disembowelment and "a number of other brutal methods of slaughter".

Surprise, surprise - the majority of the board found the fatalities to contain violence that is "higher than strong", and cannot be accommodated in an MA15+ rating. Even though they occur infrequently during normal story mode play, these moves can be performed repeatedly in practice mode.

...the majority is of the view that the fatalities are for many, perhaps the majority of players, a major, important feature of the game and they will strive hard to achieve them

It's not just the fatalities, though - the "extensive blood and gore splatter" in PvP mode is also a worry, as well as X-ray view (the Board is concerned that it makes the less-humanoid characters appear more human).

Mortal Kombat

Mortal Kombat

But! This wasn't the board's unanimous decision. A minority element believed that the violence in Mortal Kombat is merely "strong" - and that it can be accommodated within an MA15+ category. This minority felt that the "relative infrequency" of fatalities (in the context of usual gameplay) mitigates the impact of the violence.

The fact the game is "fantastical and heavily-stylised", and actually funny in parts also makes the Minority believe the violence is lessened. Sorcery, superhuman abilities and "identifiably non-human characters" all feature as elements that reinforce the artificiality of the violence.

In the view of the minority, the violence in Mortal Kombat is justified by context. The fantastical, unrealistic nature of the violence, and the infrequency of the strongest violence, means that its impact is strong, and unsuitable for persons under the age of 15. Mortal Kombat should thus be classified MA15+.

...unfortunately, a minority isn't enough - but it's nice to see that the Board wasn't completely overwhelmed by this one.

Mortal Kombat

Mortal Kombat

Interestingly, the Review Board document lists no "interested parties", but does acknowledge "one email from a member of the public". If you're reading this, Alex Williams, kudos to you!

...to read the whole statement, check out the Decisions and reason for decision (pdf link).

This story was featured in Episode 10, Season 2 of GamePron News:

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16 Responses to “Why Mortal Kombat was Refused Classification”

  1. Patrick says:

    Well I still think the rason is a crock, there are plenty of games with a lot more violence than this, OFLC, you really need to pull your head in and stop spinning you usual garbage

  2. Eirkr inn Rauda says:

    My guess is the “Minoroty” is none other than the sole male in the review board. You know, the part of our species with a sense of humour…

  3. What a load of bullshit, I sent an email to those klows straight away after MK was RC the first time and I know for a fact they recieved a metric fuck-ton of emails from other people too…yet they claim only 1 person sent an email in? Bullshit!

  4. Mark says:

    Oh well, another game I shall buy online and have posted to me. Won’t stop me playing it at all. Only hurts Aussie retailers really.

  5. J says:

    Im going to send my latest game ‘Anthrax’ to the OFLC and see if it gets RC’d.

  6. Andrew says:

    $50 bucks says the board we’re too busy trying to perform Fatalities to properly classify the game :D

  7. Walter Costello says:

    Paul Hunt is the former deputy director. Current one is Lesley O’Brien.

    “Paul Hunt, 40, joined the Classification Board as a Senior Classifier in June 2000, and was appointed to Deputy Director in May 2003. His term finished in May 2007”
    (cnet com au article / interview from 29 December 2008.)

    other source: CB members page at classification.gov.au. and google. Plus the official site (classification.gov.au) doesn’t mention the word ‘Australian’ in the names of both boards :D

    • Jessica Citizen says:

      Oh, thanks – duly noted and corrected. My source for the original article implied he was still in the role, which I admit sounded a little odd, I’m glad you were able to sort it out!

  8. oops says:

    whoops disregard the last sentence :)

  9. Kåre says:

    I seriously don’t get the Australian Classification Review Board.
    They seem to be banning games at random.
    Like when they banned Left 4 Dead 2 but let Fallout 3 in, despite the fact that Fallout 3 has you fighting humans along with mutants as well as using drugs.
    Anyone else thinking that the Australian Classification Review Board has short attention span for games?

  10. Mark says:

    Well that really just makes me want to get it all the more.
    Notice the law though. Doesn’t say you can’t POSSESS it.
    “Sale, advertising or display”

  11. […] The impact inflicted by each movement is shown on the victim through an x-ray (OMG NOW I GET IT!) of their anatomy. This shows the fracturing of skulls, the breaking of bones, the crushing of frozen stomachs and the puncturing of organs. Though this is definitely a very “Mortal Kombat” thing to do, I can’t help but think this ‘humanising’ of violence is the real cause of the restriction in Australia. […]

  12. PSP Techie says:

    This is a good game. Dont miss it, buy it elsewhere if you cant get it in Australia. Loyal fans since it released in SNES.

  13. […] games on the refused list include: Mortal Kombat (and the Vita version) and Syndicate, as well as The House of the Dead: Overkill Extended Cut, The […]

  14. […] 4 and Windows PC. The studio – and gamers in general – are hoping the new game doesn't run into the refused classification problems the previous one did. Why not check out our latest vidcast!Player Attack TV: August 29 2014, SE2 […]

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